Rio: “Why Does Globo Monopolize Carnival?”


FX overkill at Anhembi: Globo tends to swamp its excellent Carnaval camera coverage with cheesy post-production effects that recall the cheap psychedelia of the Haight-Ashbury heyday. Source: The NMM personal Gradiente-brand boob tube, São Paulo, Brazil.

… Muncipal Law 1,276/1988, in Article 7, Paragraph VI, provides that “it is prohibited to guarantee exclusivity in the transmission of the parades via electromagnetic broadcasting of sounds and images.”

The unwritten law also obtains, however:

“For our friends, anything; for our enemies, the law.”

CPI do Carnaval pede explicações e quebra de monopólio na transmissão: The CPI of Carnaval in Rio’s city legislature is looking into allegations that the results of this year’s competitive parades were rigged through a combination of bribes and armed intimidation of the jury. See

The CPI is in recess at the moment, I think, but I was going through my back catalogue of unpublished notes on the case and found this item from Rio’s Jornal do Brasil, dateline June 21, 2007.

RIO – A presidente da CPI do Carnaval, que investiga supostas fraudes no resultado do desfile das Escolas de Samba do Grupo Especial deste ano, vereadora Teresa Bergher (DEM), exibiu na sessão da última quarta-feira, dois vídeos com denúncias relacionando dirigentes ligados a Escolas de Samba ao jogo do bicho, aos caça-níqueis e ao suposto suborno a jurados do carnaval para mudar resultados.

The president of the CPI of Carnaval, which is investigating alleged fraud in the result of the Special Group parades this year, Teresa Bergher (PFL), showed two videos in the last session containing accusations of ties between carnaval society directors, the numbers rackets [jogo do bicho], “nickel-hunters” [illegal electronic gambling machines, or “one-armed bandits,” if you will] and the alleged bribery of Carnaval jurors to sway results.

A vereadora Liliam Sá (PR) questionou o presidente da Riotur, Luiz Felipe Bonilha, nesta quarta-feira, na CPI do Carnaval, por que outras emissoras de prestígio, como Record, SBT e Rede TV não recebem concessão para transmitir o carnaval, que fica a cargo de apenas uma emissora.

City councilwoman Liliam Sá (PR) asked the president of Riotur, Luiz Felipe Bonilha, this Wednesday during a session of the CPI, why the other major broadcasters, such as Record, SBT and Rede TV, are not award broadcast rights for the annual celebration, which are the exclusive property of a single broadcaster.

Globo, that is.

Lilian disse que outras emissoras são discriminadas. Em resposta, o presidente da Riotur disse que a Liesa é a mais interessada no assunto e que, como tudo sempre foi feito com transparência, cabe a ela o direito de negociar e decidir pela exclusividade.

Lilian said that other broadcasters are discriminated against.

The PR — the party of Mangabeira Unger — has ties to TV Record, the evangelical-owned second network, it should be noted.

In response, the Riotur directo said that LIESA is the party with  a direct interest in that question and that, since the process was also characterized by transparency, it is LIESA’s right to negotiate and decide upon exclusivity.

Cabe ressaltar que a Lei municipal 1.276/1988 prevê, no artigo 7º, inciso VI, que é “proibida a garantia de exclusividade na transmissão dos desfiles pela radiodifusão por sons e imagens”.

It is worth noting that Muncipal Law 1,276/1988, in Article 7, Paragraph VI, provides that “it is prohibited to guarantee exclusivity in the transmission of the parades via electromagnetic broadcasting of sounds and images.”

Deveria haver uma cláusula no contrato entre Liesa e Prefeitura que previsse um percentual do dinheiro arrecadado com a transmissão do carnaval pela TV a ser aplicado pela prefeitura em políticas para a criança e a saúde – comentou a vereadora.

There should be a clause in the contract between LIESA and the city government that provides that a percentage of the revenues from TV broadcasts of Carnaval be applied to policies in support of children and public health, the councilwoman also said.

O presidente da LIESA, Jorge Castanheira também prestou depoimento. Castanheira afirmou que “a Liga é uma organização estável e bem gerenciada, que conta com manifestação expressa de todas as Escolas de Samba, apoiando suas ações. Já se submeteu a duas auditorias da Receita Federal em sua contabilidade e nenhuma irregularidade foi apurada”.

The president of LIESA, Jorge Castanheira, also testified to the commission. He said that “the League is a stable and well-managed organization with the express support of all the carnival societies for its actions. It has been subjected to two audits by the federal tax authority and no irregularities were found.”

Sobre a contratação de empresas e serviços técnicos sem licitação, o presidente da LIESA explicou que, sendo sua entidade privada, ela fica isenta dessa obrigatoriedade restritiva e comentou que “a Liga repudia qualquer tipo de insinuação envolvendo relações externas, quanto à lisura de suas atividades gestoras”. Jorge Castanheira disse que os R$ 5 milhões adiantados pela prefeitura para investimento no carnaval são distribuídos igualitariamente entre todas as escolas, mas alguns vereadores, como Rogério Bittar (PMDB), questionaram o fato de isto não estar no contrato.

Regarding the contracting of technical services and firms without competitive bidding, the LIESA president explained that, since it is a private organization, it is exempt from this restriction, commenting that “The League repudiates any insinuation about its relations with third-parties, in terms of the honesty of its management practices.” Castanheira said that the R$5 million advanced by the city government for investment in Carnaval are divided equally among all the schools, but some city lawmakers, such as Rogério Bittar (PMBD), asked why this was not expressly stated in the contract.

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