Haiti É Aqui: OAB Prepares Report on Haiti Mission


Embassy cable, July 5, 2006: Official body count was 6-10; human rights groups reported 50-70. MINUSTAH made no effort to clarify the body count, saying only it had not “intentionally” targeted civilians with any of the 23,000 rounds expended. Brazilian commanders later attributed deaths over and above its previous body counts to subsequent “gang reprisals against suspected informants.” I have not seen any evidence to back that claim yet. See also “The Jordanians Did It”: The Parallel Universes of Rio and Port Au Prince.

… what is the Minustah budget? It is 85% military and destined for repressive activities. This intervention in Haiti follows the paattern of U.S. interventions in other countries. The encirclement of poor neighborhoods, maintaining a state of virtual coercion, psychological pressure, which I call a military siege. There is nothing humanitarian about it, in my view.” –Aderson Bussinger, OAB

Bussinger says the type of repression applied in Haiti is very similar to the mode of operations used today by police in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. And according to him, the so-called “security policy” for Rio implies the extermination of young men and the criminalization of poverty.

Item: Brasil já gastou R$ 370 milhões com tropas no Haiti — Agência Brasil de Fato.

A follow-up to

A ação militar brasileira que integra a Missão Especial das Nações Unidas (Minustah) [sic] no Haiti custou ao Brasil aproximadamente R$ 370 milhões. A Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU) ainda repassou mais R$ 200 milhões para manutenção das tropas. Estes valores foram gastos entre junho de 2004 e junho de 2007 e foram apresentados pelo ministro da Defesa, Nelson Jobim, durante visita ao Haiti esta semana.

Brazilian military operations as part of the UN’s special mission in Haiti (Minustah) has cost the nation approximately R$370 million ($185 million). The UN has also provided R$200 million for troop maintenance. These sums were spent between 2004 and June 2007 and were made public by Minister of Defense Jobim during a visit to Haiti this week.

Os R$ 370 milhões correspondem a mais da metade do orçamento do Fundo Nacional de Segurança Pública, utilizado para financiar ações e equipamentos para os estados combaterem a violência no Brasil. O enviado da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil (OAB) ao Haiti, Aderson Bussinger, preparou um relatório crítico à ação militar no país e defendeu que a intervenção brasileira deveria assumir outro caráter.

The figure of R$370 million correspond to more than half the budget of the National Public Security Fund, used to finance operations and equipment for Brazilian states to use in combating violence. The envoy of the Order of Brazilian Attorneys to Haiti, Aderson Bussinger, has prepared a report critical of this operation and argued that the Brazilian intervention should take another form.

“Se o Brasil quisesse enviar médicos, professores e alimentos ao Haiti é uma outra situação. Agora, qual é o orçamento da Minustah? 85% é militar e destinado às atividades repressivas. Esta intervenção que o Brasil faz no Haiti é nos moldes que os Estados Unidos faz em outros países. Cercamento de bairros pobres, manutenção de um estado de coação moral, pressão psicológica, que eu chamo de assédio militar. Não tem, ao meu ver, nada de humanitário”.

“If Brazil wanted to send doctors, teachers and food to Haiti, that is another matter. But what is the Minustah budget? It is 85% military and destined for repressive activities. This intervention in Haiti follows the paattern of U.S. interventions in other countries. The encirclement of poor neighborhoods, maintaining a state of virtual coercion, psychological pressure, which I call a military siege. There is nothing humanitarian about it, in my view.”

Para o ministro Nelson Jobim, a experiência das tropas brasileiras no Haiti é uma possibilidade de formação e treinamento para atuação em guerras urbanas. Bussinger afirma que o tipo de repressão aplicado no Haiti é muito semelhante à atuação feita hoje pela polícia nas favelas do Rio de Janeiro. E, segundo ele, o que estão chamando de “política de segurança” no Rio, significa o extermínio de jovens e a criminalização dos pobres.

For minister Nelson Jobim, the experience of Brazilian troops is a learning and training opportunity in urban warfare. Bussinger, however, says the type of repression applied in Haiti is very similar to the mode of operations used today by police in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro. And according to him, this so-called “security policy” for Rio implies the extermination of young men and the criminalization of poverty.

The Estado de S. Paulo daily ran a rebuttal to Bussinger’s criticisms a week or so ago — without quoting any of Bussinger’s statements. There seems to be a nucleus of Judy Millerist “embedded” reporters there at the Estadão that is gung ho over the idea of the army in the streets and is unwilling to cop to the existence of significant opposition to this extreme measure.

See also

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