Rio: “Militias Give a False Impression of Peace”

The image “https://i2.wp.com/i113.photobucket.com/albums/n216/cbrayton/deathkombi.png” cannot be displayed, because it contains errors.
Underground Rio van service vehicle, loaded with black-clad corpses wearing combat boots. Windshield sticker reads, “The work continues.” See
Rio de Janeiro: “Carobinha Death Toll Reaches 10″
and Rio: Deadly Days for the Man With the Van.

‘Milícia dá falsa impressão de paz’: The Estado de S. Paulo (Brazil) interviews a Rio researcher on the militia phenomenon this week. This notion of the “itinerant militia” is a new one on me. Reading up …

A follow-up to

Compare:

The Associated Press has played a significant role in amplifying that false impression, I note. As Larry Rohter of the NYT also has.

A featured source of a story the AP did on the militia phenomenon, for example — a police inspector turned federal legislator — was overheard on a federal wiretap suggesting that a disaffected colleague be silenced with “a mess of bullets right between the eyes.”

Later, that disaffected colleague caught a mess of bullets.

Post hoc ergo propter hoc? She says it was just a figure of speech. Stay tuned.

See

He lived. Minus a finger or two.

There are tons of qualified people offering an alternative view of the paramilitary phenomenon — observers rather than players, as well as representatives of the captive “consumers” of this sort of entrepreneurial approach to public safety — that the AP could have consulted to avoid producing viciously slanted coverage of the issue.

Why didn’t they?

Are they working as observers on behalf of their readers? Or are they trying to play the game?

What are these gringos smoking?

And who are they smoking it with?

A antropóloga Alba Zaluar, coordenadora do Núcleo de Pesquisa da Violência do Instituto de Medicina Social da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, diz que mapas de criminalidade e estudos de campo mostram menos mortes e tiroteios nas regiões de milícia. Essa suposta tranqüilidade, que não é oferecida pela polícia, pode estar criando uma armadilha para moradores de áreas dominadas por traficantes, estimulando o modelo de milícia itinerante que se espalhou por comunidades do Rio como a Kelson’s.

Anthropologist Alba Zaluar, coordinator of the Center for Violence Research at the Social Medicine Institute of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, said that maps of criminality and field studies show fewer deaths and shootouts in areas dominated by militias. But this alleged state of peace, which the police do not offer, could represent a trap for areas dominated by the drug traffic, stimulating the itinerant militia model that has spread to Rio communities like Kelson’s.

“A idéia é que isso vai impedir o tiroteio provocado por traficantes e policiais, uma vez que a polícia geralmente não ataca onde tem milícia. Mesmo que isso represente uma segurança tirânica, que pode se voltar contra ela, a comunidade aceita”, avalia. “Na maioria das favelas onde há esses grupos, a associação de moradores predomina sobre a milícia. Nas comunidades dominadas pelo tráfico, é o contrário. Na Kelson’s, os milicianos vêm de outro lugar para dominar a associação e há o choque de poder.”

“The idea is that this is going to prevent gun battles between traffickers and police, since police generally do not attack where militias are in control.”

The militias are police.

“Even if this represents a tyrannical form of security, that might backfire on it, the community accepts it,” she says. “In the majority of shantytowns where these groups operate, the local association of residents prevail over the militia. In communities dominated by the traffic, it is just the opposite. But in Kelson’s, the militiamen came from outside to dominate the local association, and there was a power struggle.”

The militia-themed TV Record soap opera actually features a community rejecting both the militia and the traffic. Is there any factual content in that work of fiction? Or is Record merely trying to promote desired behavior with that scenario?

See

Para o deputado estadual Alessandro Molon (PT), presidente da Comissão de Direitos Humanos da Assembléia Legislativa, o caso de Jorge Siqueira não recebeu a devida importância. “O denunciante, independentemente das ligações que tinha, nominou e apontou pistas”, diz o deputado. Para cuidar de casos assim a socióloga Julita Lemgruber, diretora do Centro de Estudos de Segurança e Cidadania da Universidade Cândido Mendes, ainda defende a criação de uma categoria específica na corregedoria. Carlos Costa, coordenador de política comunitária do Viva Rio, conviveu com Siqueira nos últimos meses e também atribui o desaparecimento dele à inércia de autoridades e até de ONGs como a que integra . “Todos sabiam o fim da história e ninguém agiu. Não há compromisso das autoridades”.

In the view of state deputy Molon (PT), chair of the human rights commission of the state assembly, the case of Jorge Siqueira has not received due attention. “The man who made the accusations, regardless of the ties he had, named names and provided clues,” the lawmaker said. To address cases like this, sociologist Julita Lemgruber, director of the Center for Security and Citizenship Studies at the Cândido Mendes University, defends the creation of a special unit in police internal affairs divisions. Carlos Costa, community policy coordinator for the NGO Viva Rio, was in touch with Siquiera in the last months of his life and also attributes his disappearance to the inaction of official, and also of the NGO of which he is a member.

Viva Rio is essentially a plausibly deniable pseudopod of the state and local government, with lots of USAID, Adenauer and Microsoft money behind it.

If you ask me. It is merely an intuition at this point, but I am looking over their financials — and wating patiently for the 2006 edition — here on the old laptop …

Because I mean, those are my tax dollars, after all. What are they getting spent on?

“Everyone knew how the story would end, and no one did a thing. The authorities lack commitment,” he said.

Procurado pelo Estado, o secretário de Segurança do Rio, José Mariano Beltrame, não falou sobre o caso, sob a alegação de que há dados de investigação que não pode revelar. Uma de suas idéias é fazer da Corregedoria-Geral Unificada uma delegacia dotada de uma equipe para fazer as diligências específicas sobre milícias.

Sought for comment by the Estadão, state public security secretary Beltrame would not talk about the case, saying there is information from the invetigation he cannot reveal. One of his ideas is to make the Unified Internal Affairs command an independent police division, with a special team equipped to investigate militias specifically.

Good idea.

How about implementing it yesterday?

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