“Who Stopped the Heart of Jango Goulart?”

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Goulart foi morto a pedido do Brasil, diz ex-agente uruguaio: A former Uruguayan spy imprisoned in Brazil tells the Folha de S. Paulo that deposed former João Goulart, who died of a heart attack in 1976, was poisoned “at the request of the Brazilian government.”

In an operation financed by your tax dollars.

We saw quite a bit of dismissive commentary on the claim last evening, including a verdict of “sensationalist and implausible” from the commentator on TV Gazeta’s evening news program.

“Why would Gen. Geisel, who drove the process of democratization, consider Goulart a threat who needed eliminating in 1976?” the fellow asked, “rather than during the late 1960s, when he formed the Frente Ampla with Lacerda and Kubitschek to push for redemocratization?”

Which seems like a fair question — as long as we are speculating rather than fact-checking. But then again, as Mrs. NMMist pointed out, under AI-5, the chain of command came to be regarded as optional, and a lot of the hardline officer corps simply opted for the “if it feels good, do it” approach to military order and discipline. See also

Jango morreu envenenado, afirma Mario Neira Barreiro

Jango died of poisoning, says Mario Neira Barreiro.  

Sérgio Fleury teria dado a ordem para o assassinato

Sérgio Fleury supposedly gave the order for the assassination.

Presidente deposto teria dito aos agentes que sabia da espionagem: “Sei que estão me vigiando, mas não sou inimigo de vocês”

Former president said to have told agent he knew he was being spied on. “I know you are watching me, but I am not your enemy.”

Preso desde 2003 na Penitenciária de Alta Segurança de Charqueadas (RS), o ex-agente do serviço de inteligência do governo uruguaio Mario Neira Barreiro, 54, disse em entrevista exclusiva à Folha que espionou durante quatro anos o presidente João Goulart (1918-1976), o Jango, e que ele foi morto por envenenamento a pedido do governo brasileiro.

Imprisoned since 2003 in the maximum security penitentiary in Charqueadas, Rio Grande do Sul, the former Uruguayan intelligence again Mario Neira Barreiro, 54, said in an exclusive interview with the Folha that he spied for four years on former president Goulart, and that Jango was poisoned at the request of the Brazilian government. 

Jango morreu em 6 de dezembro de 1976, na Argentina, oficialmente de ataque cardíaco. Ele governou o Brasil de 1961 até ser deposto por um golpe militar em 31 de março de 1964, quando foi para o exílio. À Folha Barreiro deu detalhes da operação da qual participou e que teria causado a morte de Jango. Segundo o ex-agente, Jango não morreu de ataque cardíaco, mas envenenado, após ter sido vigiado 24 horas por dia de 1973 a 1976.

Jango died on December 6, 1976 in Argentina, officially of a heart attack. He governed Brazil from 1961 until being deposed by a military coup on March 31, 1964, when he went into exile. Barreiro gave the Folha details of the operation in which he took part and which he alleges caused the death of Goulart. According to the former agent, he did not die of a heart attack, but of poisoning, after being surveilled 24 hours a day between 1973 and 1976.

What is the spy from Uruguay in jail for, anyway?

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Fleury: Master of the hand-cranked field telephone wired to your scrotum.

Barreiro disse que Sérgio Paranhos Fleury (que morreu em 1979), à época delegado do Dops (Departamento de Ordem Política e Social) de São Paulo, era a ligação entre a inteligência uruguaia e o governo brasileiro. A ordem para que Jango fosse morto partiu de Fleury, em reunião no Uruguai com dois comandantes que chefiavam a “equipe Centauro” -grupo integrado por Barreiro que monitorava Jango. O Uruguai mantinha uma outra equipe de vigilância, a Antares, para monitorar Leonel Brizola.

Barreiro said that Sérgio Paranhos Fleury (who died in 1979), at the time head of the Department of Political and Social Order (DOPS) in São Paulo, was the link between Uruguayan intelligence and the Brazilian government. The order to kill Jango came from Fleury during a meeting in Uruguay with two commander who led the “Centaur team” — of which Barreiro was a member — that monitored Jango. Uruguay fielded another surveillance team, “Antares,” to watch Leonel Brizola.

A lawmaker from Brizola’s PDT is calling for a federal investigation of the charges.

Fleury died in one of those proverbial “freak boating accidents,” if I remember correctly.

As escutas, feitas e transcritas por Barreiro, teriam servido de motivo para matar Jango. Mas, segundo o ex-agente (que tinha o codinome de tenente Tamúz), o conteúdo das conversas não era grave: tratavam da vontade de Jango de voltar ao Brasil, de críticas ao regime militar e de assuntos domésticos. Barreiro afirmou que interpretações “erradas e exageradas” do governo brasileiro levaram ao assassinato.

The wiretaps, recorded and transcribed by Barreiro, supposed served as the motive for killing Jango. But according to the former agent (who used the code name Lt. Tamúz), the content of the conversations was not all that momentous: They dealt with Jango’s desire to return to Brazil and dealt with criticisms of the military regime and domestic affairs. Barreiro said that “erroneous and exaggerated” interpretations by the Brazilian government led to the assassination.

One of the most interesting incidents reported in Elio Gaspari’s history of the Medici years is the moment in which Gen. Golbery, founder of the SNI national intelligence agency, reportedly tells Gen. Geisel that the SNI’s files are so thoroughly shot through with hysterical disinformation, gabbling ratfink gambits and noise and nonsense in general that the government ought simply to burn them all and start over from scratch.

Segundo o uruguaio, a autorização para que isso ocorresse partiu do então presidente Ernesto Geisel (1908-1996) e foi transmitida a Fleury, que acertou com o serviço de inteligência do Uruguai os detalhes da operação, chamada Escorpião -que teria sido acompanhada e financiada pela CIA (agência de inteligência americana).

According to the spy from Uruguay, authorization came from then president-general Geisel and was transmitted to Fleury, who arranged the details of the operation, dubbed Scorpion and allegedly overseen and funded by the CIA, with the Uruguayan intelligence service.

The TV news quotes U.S. officials as saying there are no personnel still on active duty who could shed light on these statements.

O plano consistia em pôr comprimidos envenenados nos frascos dos medicamentos que Jango tomava para o coração: o efeito seria semelhante a um ataque cardíaco. As cápsulas envenenadas eram misturadas aos remédios no Hotel Liberty, em Buenos Aires, onde morava a família de Jango, na fazenda de Maldonado e no porta-luvas de seu carro. Barreiro não exibiu provas e disse que o caso era discutido pessoalmente. 

The plan consisted in putting poisoned tablets in the bottles containing Jango’s heart medicine; The effect wold be similar to a heart attack. The poisoned capsules were mixed with his medicine at the Hotel Liberty in Buenos Aires where Jango’s family lived, at Jango’s farm in Maldonado and in the glove compartment of his car. Barreiro produced no evidence and said the case was discussed on a personal basis.
The interview with Simone Iglesias follows.

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